The number of people with diabetes in the U.S. has increased dramatically over the years. According to the CDC, about 37 million people in the country have diabetes, a chronic illness that affects the way your body converts food into energy. Typically, the body utilizes the hormone insulin to accomplish this. However, because people with diabetes have low insulin levels, their bodies can’t produce enough of the hormone to convert sugar.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body can’t produce insulin. If diagnosed, people with this condition will usually need to take the hormone daily. However, with Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t effectively utilize insulin. You can prevent this type of the condition by living a healthy lifestyle.
Causes of Diabetes
The leading cause of diabetes is the body’s immune system. It attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, which then leads to the development of Type 1 diabetes. This condition is usually diagnosed in children and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body’s failure to control sugar levels. A healthy lifestyle can help prevent Type 2 diabetes from developing.
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women. Their bodies are unable to properly process sugar.
Who Is at Risk of Getting Diabetes?
According to Dr. Curry-Winchell, Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed in children and young adults. However, it can also be found in people with a family history of the illness. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in those who are not active and lack a regular exercise routine.
Diabetes can be a dangerous condition if it goes untreated. Following the advice of a medical professional is essential when managing this illness.