The National Human Genome Institute estimates that 350 million people live with rare disorders. Around 80% of these are genetic based, and only 200,000 people have been diagnosed. Fortunately, gene therapy technology is advancing, and there’s hope for a cure for people with these disorders.
Here are five sure signs you may have a genetic disorder.
Recurring Lung Infections
Persistent lung infections and a recurring cough are signs of cystic fibrosis. This condition causes the accumulation of thick and sticky mucus along the respiratory and digestive tract. Cystic fibrosis can cause breathing and digestive problems and eventual lung damage. There are a few treatment options, but unfortunately, people with the disorder are likely to have a lower life expectancy.
Susceptibility to bacterial infections can indicate a patient has sickle cell anemia. This rare genetic disorder is characterized by sickle-shaped red blood cells with a lifespan of just 10 to 20 days while normal red blood cells have a lifespan of 120 days. The spleen can be overwhelmed by the rate at which the cells are damaged. As a result, the organ might be impaired, leaving an individual vulnerable to infections.
Bleeding excessively after a cut is a sign of hemophilia. This condition is genetic and most common in males. It is characterized by an inability of the blood to clot after an injury.
Personality changes and drastic mood swings are symptoms of Huntington’s disease. It’s a genetic disorder in which the brain nerve cells degenerate over time. As a result, the patient might experience problems with behavior, movement, and even thinking.
Fatigue and Body Weakness
If you’re constantly battling fatigue and body weakness, you likely have a genetic disorder called Thalassemia. This condition is caused by inadequate hemoglobin in the blood. In severe cases, some patients might have severe shortness of breath. Yet, ironically, some individuals suffering from Thalassemia might not show any symptoms.
If you experience any of the above symptoms, seek help from a doctor immediately.