A cataract is a clouding area in the eye lens that can interfere with your vision as time passes. Since cataracts typically start small and develop slowly, most people aren’t aware of them until they start affecting their vision. If left untreated, cataracts can cause blindness. So, it’s crucial to understand the factors that can increase the chances of a cataract. This way, you can seek medical attention before your vision is impaired.
For the most part, cataracts are age-related. They develop due to natural changes in your eyes as you get older. Although cataracts usually begin to form at an earlier age, the symptoms may only become apparent later, between 50 and 60 years of age.
Our eyes naturally contain lens protein that builds up over time. Medical conditions such as diabetes can affect this process, leading to the faster development of a cataract.
3. Use of Certain Medications
Long-term use of medications such as steroids can cause cataracts to develop. These medications are used to treat various conditions, with arthritis being the most common among older people.
4. UV Overexposure
The UV light from the sun can contribute to the development of cataracts. If you tend to sunbathe excessively, overexposure to sunlight can trigger oxidative stress in the eye lens, eventually leading to a cataract.
5. Family History
If you have a family history of cataracts, you’re at a higher risk of developing this condition.
Contact a Professional
If you’re worried about cataracts based on these factors, you should contact your doctor and seek advice on what to do to lower the risk. If you’re already experiencing symptoms, visit your eye care provider immediately. They can determine if surgery is the best course of action for you.